The Victor of the Nyingmapa Lord of Dharma- Kathok Main Monastery, the Second Secret   Abode, Kathok    引言

Auspicious environmental circumstances in the main Kathok Monastery in Western Kham殊勝地緣

 Founder of the Tibet Kathok Monastery 創寺第一人

The interdependent circumstances of the 13 hair strands in Kathok Monastery in Tibet十三根頭髮的因緣

Tibet’s Kathok  Monastery- School of Eternal Life Introduction:十萬條彩虹永恆生命學校

One hundred rainbow from Nyingmapa Kathok Monastery in Western Kham十萬條彩虹

Kathok          biography of lives of H.H. Jamyang Rinpoche(1)

The main monastery of Kathok, H.H. Jamyang Rinpoche(2)

Vernerable Vajra Master: The autobiography of Tubten Sonam Norbu Pe Sangpo Rinpoche







The Victor of the Nyingmapa Lord of Dharma- Kathok Main Monastery, the Second Secret Abode, Kathok



          The Victor of the Nyingmapa Lord of Dharma- Kathok Main 

         Monastery, the Second Secret        Abode, Kathok Dorje Den



[Picture of Guru Shakyamuni]

  In565 B.C., in North India (present day Nepal), the Great Buddha Shakyamuni was born. 

Seeing suffering of birth, old age, sickness, and death in the world, he abdicated his kingship at 29, and became a monk. At 35, under the Bodhi Tree, he was fully enlightened and founded Buddhism. He taught for 49 years. He entered Nirvana in Juhunaro when he was 80 years old. His disciples collected his teachings into texts, and began to propagate them. 2500 years has passed, and Buddha Dharma is still being propagated. Much area in the world became the Buddhist sacred ground. In these places, there are cloud-like gathering of Sanghas, festive Dharma events taking place, and beings liberated.

     Among these sacred lands, there is one place that is remote and has a harsh climate. But it is here that there was the biggest gathering of Sanghas in the two thousand history of Buddhism. There was one hundred eighty thousand Sanghas gathered at the same time. The monks flew to this place with their extraordinary power. Their robes blocked the sunlight and the reflection painted the sky red. In the history of Buddhism there was never an occasion of the gathering of one hundred eighty thousand monks. And this is the place where there are one hundred thousand monks that were liberated and attained rainbow body. Historical documents record the account of [the one hundred thousand saints that attended rainbow body]. Even today there are still many people traveled from really far places to come here. Some even traveled by making one prostration for each step they walked here. They came because any sentient beings that entered here will be reborn in the human realm for seven generations, and will attend Buddhahood. Many miracles happened in the main Nyingmapa Monastery, the Kathok Main Monastery, which is located 4800 meters above sea level in Ganu Payul City in Sichuan Province in China.

      (1) The Sun from the East- The origin of the name [Kathok (or Kathog) Vajra Seat]
In Eastern China in Sichuan Province, in the Golden Sand River region in Payul Region, which is one mountain apart from Tibet, is a Pureland for all the people that has faith in Buddhism. Kathok Main Monastery, the source of Tibetan Buddhism Nyingmapa tradition, ia located in the White Dragon Gourge Donian Mountain. Among the three traditions in Nyingma, and among the six Vajra Ground, the Main Kathok Monastery is the most famous one. Its full name is Kathok Dorjeden (means Kathok Vajra Seat)

[The second Vajra Seat- Picture of Nyingmapa Kathok Main Monastery, the source of Ancient Translation School Teaching]

Kathok in Tibetan means “on top of the word Ka”. The name originated from a giant smooth white rock that has a natural arisen Tibetan Letter [Ka] above the monastery. Dorje Den means [Vajra Seat]. Padmasambhava himself personally blessed this place thirteen times. In the [Biography of the Lotus Born] and many Terma, there were this prophesy: [ the pinnacle of the sacred land of the snow region, the source of teaching of Yeshe Tsogyal]. Its blessing power is identical to the Vajra Seat in India. Therefore it is also being reffered as [The Second Vajra Seat]. From Lotsawa Berochana and Ka Dampa Deshe to The Venerable Nala Padma Duldul, there were one hundred thousand practioners that had attained Rainbow Body by practicing diligently, and relying on the thirteen commentaries such as <The Secret Instruction On The Top Knot Of Great Perfection View>, and <The Perfect Advice On The Semde Section of Great Perfection>. This feat is unrivaled in the world.

      2) Brief introduction on the development of Kathok Main Monastery Tradition
Kathok Main Monastery was build by Nyingmapa [Liberator of the Tenth Bhumi], [The Victorious Lord of Dharma] Ka Dampa Deshe (1122-1192) in the Earth Hare year in Tibetan Calender (1159 A.D.). It has stood for 850 years, and 84 abbots had served the monastery. 

       One of the Abbot was Keju Yeshe Ponpa (or Uroh Yeshe Ponpa), one of the Three Master of Ponpa, or the reincarnation of the 3rd H.H. Jamyang Rinpoche. He was a great scholar and there was no obstacle to his attainment. Master Basiba of the Five Elders in Sakya visited Kathok Monastery during his trip to Beijing, and Yeshe Ponpa became his guru. Basiba wrote: “the gathering of the essence of Nyinma unexcelled secret practice. Guru Keju Yeshe Ponpa from Eastern Main Monastery of Kathok shines the world like a billion sun”.

       In 1360, when Master Kathok Wunsho Pawa was the abbot, under the assistance from his disciple who was a member of the royal family in Yunnan, expanded the existing main temple.
In 1435 when Popuwa Sanchu Senge was the abbot, the precious Kathok secret teaching spread to Tibet, Yunan, Qinghai, and Gansu. There were almost ten thousand of practitioners came to pay homage.

        During the 12th cycle in Tibetan Calender (between 1686-1764), when Master Kathok Jigme Songong Gonpo was the abbot, he was invited by Emperor Kanshi of Qing Dynasty to go to the capital of China. He was given the position [Teacher of the Country], presented with gifts such as precious hat, four windowed carrying cart, and the complete ceremonial instruments and emblem from the court.
During the Iron Dragon year in the 13th cycle (1760), Master Kathok Gezhe Jugme Chewang Churgur was the abbot. Because of his unsurpassed skill in debate, he was given the name Pandita after engaging in many debates with different schools in Tibet. His disciple Tulku Zancha was given the title [Teacher of the Country] by Emperor Yongzhen when Tulku Zancha was invited to Beijing. Master Kathok Gezhe Jugme had compared in detail and commenced the printing and preservation of all the Nyingma Sutra, Sastras and Vinaya texts. He also supervised the construction of Master Kathok Jigme Songong Gonpo’s Stupa. The Stupa was famed in Tibet as “The One Ornament of the Snow Mountain”. The Third Kathok Gezhe Mahapandida Urgen Choki Jiansen, due to his unobstructed state of attainment and his knowledge in Sutra and Tantra, was invited to teach by the request from Dalai Lama. He was responsible for building the text printing hall that housed 7,000 canons, and 60,000 Buddhist Texts. It housed the most books and it was the biggest text printing hall in Kham and Tsam at its time.

       According to the example set by Kathok Keju Yeshe Ponpa in Yuan Dynasty, there was huge birthday celebration performed for Padmasambhava every Tenth of June in the Tibetan Calender in the Nyingmapa Kathok Lineage. Many followers and Sanghas traveled from various places to pray and recite texts during the festival. One hundred eight thousand Sanghas participated in the largest gathering. Sanghas who wore red shawl and monastic robe that gathered in Kathok and the surrounding region were like the red sea and painted the sky red. It was a magnificent sight to see the gathering of so many Sanghas chanting at the same time. The news of the gathering spread through out Tibet and India.

        In 1992, with the financial support from Choje Kathok Jigme Songong, during the time when Choje Lodro Danpe Jiensen (the 84th Throne holder Choje Loga) was the abbot, [Festival of Thousand Monk] was held in the newly remodeled Kathok Monastery. In 1995, the 85th Choje Jamyanf Rinpoche invited more than 40000 Sanghas and Tulkus from every Nyingma Lineage to the [The Great Festival of Ten Thousand Monks]. During the event, Sanghas and practitioners performed [Three Body Mandala] and pray for world peace and the flourishing of Buddha Dharma.

       The original Kathok Lecture hall, temple, learning hall, printing hall, retreat cabin, and Sangha bedrooms were in rubles during the 10 year Cultural Revolution. All the Sanghas united and finished the task of rebuilding the monastery in ten years.
There are three new halls. One of the halls was 40 square meters and could accommodate more than two thousand monks. The hall was decorated with Tibetan motif. The walls were painted with picture of the life of Buddha Shakyamuni and story of Buddhist fables. The hall has many deity statues, Stupas and the hall is exceptionally sacred.

        The Buddhist Institute of the Five Sciences provides an excellent learning atmosphere for more than 400 people that came to learn in Kathok Monastery. Many exceptional Sangha scholars were students from the institute. Present day Kathok Monastery is an established Buddhist sacred land.

       The monastery housed [Mahayana Sound of Dharma Vajra and Bell] from the Second Buddha Padmashambhava, fabric remains from Padmasambhava given by the Emperor from Yuan Dyanasty, seal given by Basipa, statue of Manjushri in Ming Dynasty, <Complete Collection of Kepen> given by Emperor in Ching Dynasty, porcelain, arrorws from Gesar’s Dynasty, copper vessels, and many other precious items. Kathok Main Monastery can be called the Mother Monastery of Nyinma. In the period of 840 years, there have been over one hundred thousand practitioners that attained the rainbow body in this scared place. Kathok lineage holders now pervade in many places in the world such as Asia, Europe, and North America.



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